[EAI Public Opinion Briefing] 2023 EAI-Genron NPO Korea-Japan Joint Public Opinion Poll: Japan and the ROK-Japan Relations
Commentary·Issue Briefing | 2023-10-18
East Asia Institute
East Asia Institute (EAI) and Genron NPO conducted the 11th Korea-Japan Joint Public Opinion Poll in August and September 2023 to gauge the attitudes of people in both countries regarding their bilateral relations. EAI has presented the survey findings in chart format within the "EAI Public Opinion Briefing." According to the results, citizens of both South Korea and Japan assessed that their bilateral relations have advanced and expressed positive opinions about strengthening cooperation in areas like security and economics, both bilaterally and multilaterally. However, there were contrasting viewpoints between Koreans and Japanese on whether this progress and the importance of bilateral relations have resulted in favorable perceptions of each other`s countries.
2023 EAI-Genron NPO Korea-Japan Joint Public Opinion Poll
Adults aged 18 and over
Adults aged 18 and over (except high school students)
Regions throughout South Korea
Regions throughout Japan
Proportional allocation by gender, age, region, and random sampling
50 spots on the entire region of Japan, 20 samples per a spot, allocated by gender and age
Valid Sample Size
Face-to-face Interviews (Personal Interview: PI)
Visiting and Collecting Survey
2023. 8. 25. ~ 2023. 9. 13.
2023. 9. 2. ~ 2023. 9. 24.
Hankook Research Co. Ltd.
Public Opinion Research Institute Corporation
Composition of Respondents
[Experience of Visiting the Other Country] Have you ever visited Japan/South Korea?
[Purpose of Visiting the Other Country] What was the purpose of visiting Japan/South Korea?
[Recent Period of Visiting the Other Country] When was your last visit to Japan/South Korea?
[Perception Change after Visiting the Other Country] Has your perception of Japan/South Korea changed following your visit?
[Acquaintances in the Other Country] . Do you have any friends or acquaintances in Japan/South Korea?
[Expectations to Visit the Other Country] Would you like to visit the other country if you had the chance?
[Things You Would Like to Do When Visiting the Other Country] What would you like to do when you visit the other country?
[Acquiring Information on ROK-Japan Relations] How do you usually get information about the other country or ROK-Japan relations?
[Primary Source of Information on ROK-Japan Relations] What is the primary media outlet from which you get information about the other country or ROK-Japan relations?
[Impression of the Other Country] What is your impression of the other country?
[Reasons for Favorable Impressions] Why do you have a favorable impression of the other country?
[Reasons for Unfavorable Impressions] Why do you have an unfavorable impression of the other country?
[Relative Feeling of Affinity: China vs. US] Which country do you feel a stronger affinity for: China or the United States?
[Relative Feeling of Affinity: China vs. Japan/Korea] Which country do you feel a stronger affinity for: China or Japan/South Korea?
[Political and Social Systеm in the Other Country] How would you describe the political and societal systеm in Japan/South Korea?
[Current ROK-Japan Relations] What do you think current relations between Korea and Japan are like?
[The Most Important Relationship for Future of One’s Own Country] Considering the future, which of the following regions or countries do you consider to have the most important relationship with your own country?
[Future of the ROK-Japan Relations] How do you envision the future ROK-Japan relations?
[Importance of the ROK-Japan Relations] Currently, how important are the ROK-Japan relations to your own country?
[Reasons that ROK-Japan Relations Are Important] Why are the ROK-Japan relations important for the future of your own country?
[Reasons that ROK-Japan Relations Are Unimportant] Why are the ROK-Japan relations not important?
[Impression of the Other Country’s Leader] What is your impression of the other country’s leader?
[Assessment on the Japanese Government’s Policy Towards South Korea] What is your assessment on the Japanese government’s attitude towards improving relations with South Korea?
[Assessment on the South Korean Government’s Policy Towards Japan] What is your assessment on the South Korean government’s attitude towards improving relations with Japan?
[Aspects of the ROK-Japan Relations Most Improved in the Past Year] Since last year, which area of the ROK-Japan relations do you think has improved the most?
[Ways to Improve the ROK-Japan Relations] What should South Korea and Japan do to improve bilateral relations?
[Ways to Respond to the Potential Conflict] How do you think your own country should respond to the conflict with the other country in the future?
[Whether the Other Country Is a Friendly Nation] Do you believe that the other country is a friendly nation towards your own country?
[Necessity to Create a New Joint Declaration] During the summit held in March 2023, President Yoon Suk Yeol and Prime Minister Fumio Kishida reaffirmed “A New Japan-ROK Partnership towards the Twenty-first Century” declared in 1998 by President Kim Dae Jung and Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi. Do you think it is necessary to create a new joint declaration for the future?
[Item for a New Joint Declaration] If a new joint declaration is to be made, which item do you believe should be given the highest priority?
[Position Should Take on ROK-Japan Relations] What kind of bilateral relationship do you believe South Korea and Japan should have in the future?
[ROK-Japan Relations and the Historical Dispute] What do you think of the ROK-Japan relations and the historical dispute?
[Resolution of Historical Issues] Which issues must be resolved regarding historical issues between South Korea and Japan?
[Territorial Conflict and the Korea-Japan Relations] How significant do you believe territorial disputes about Dokdo (Takeshima) are to the overall bilateral relations between Korea and Japan?
[Effort to Resolve the Forced Mobilization Dispute] . What is your evaluation of the third-party subrogation method that the current Korean government is pursuing to resolve disputes with Japan over Wartime Forced Labor Victims issue?
[Potential Military Threat] Do you think any countries or regions that you feel pose a military threat to your country?
[Perceived Military Threat by Country and Region] Which countries or regions do you feel pose a military threat to your country?
[Views on Enhancing the ROK-US-Japan Trilateral Military Security Cooperation] Do you agree that trilateral military security cooperation among South Korea, the United States, and Japan should be enhanced?
[Reasons Why the ROK-US-Japan Trilateral Military Security Cooperation Should Be Strengthened] What are your reasons for agreeing?
[Reasons Why the ROK-US-Japan Trilateral Military Security Cooperation Should Not Be Strengthened] What are your reasons for disagreeing?
[Direction of the ROK-Japan Security Cooperation in Response to DPRK] What is your opinion on the direction of security cooperation between South Korea and Japan in light of the increasing nuclear and missile threats from DPRK?
[Effect of an Improvement in the DPRK-Japan Relations on the Korean Peninsula and Northeast Asia] Do you believe that an improvement in the DPRK-Japan relations would be helpful for the stability of the Korean Peninsula and the overall Northeast Asian security situation?
[Situation on the Korean Peninsula Ten Years from Now] ow do you envision the situation on the Korean Peninsula ten years from now?
[Possession of Nuclear Weapons of South Korea in the Case the DPRK Threat Persists] In the case that the DPRK threat persists, what do you think of South Korea possessing nuclear weapons?
[Possession of Nuclear Weapons of Japan in the Case the DPRK Threat Persists] In the case that the DPRK threat persists, what do you think of Japan possessing nuclear weapons?
[Economic Relations Between South Korea and Japan] Between A and B, which is closer to your opinion on the economic relations between South Korea and Japan?
[Economically Important Countries and Regions] Which countries or regions do you consider particularly important for your country in terms of economic relations?
[Support for Limiting Economic Relations with China] In the United States and Japan, there are movements to restrict trade with China in advanced technology related to national security to reduce dependence on the Chinese economy. What is your view on limiting economic relations with China?
[Assessment of the Future of South Korea] What do you think about the future of South Korea?
[Assessment of the Future of Japan] What do you think about the future of Japan?
[Enjoyment of the Other Country’s Popular Culture] Do you enjoy Japanese/Korean popular culture?
[Impression of the Other Country Through Popular Culture] Do you agree that popular culture enhances the impression of the other country?
[Area(s) of Interest in the Other Country’s Popular Culture] Which area(s) of Japanese/Korean pop culture are you interested in?
[Implications of the Worsening ROK-Japan Relations on the Consumption of the Other Country’s Popular Culture] When the ROK-Japan relations worsen, does that situation affect your consumption of Japanese/Korean popular culture?
[Evaluation on the Fairness of Media Coverage] Do you think that newspapers, magazines, and broadcasts of your country provide objective and fair coverage of the ROK-Japan relations?
[Negative Opinion on the Internet] On the Internet, a number of negative opinions about the other country are posted. Do you think these opinions adequately reflect the public opinion in your country?
[Opinion on the Release of Waste Water] Concerns have been raised by neighboring countries and the international community regarding the recent actions of the Japanese government for the release of waste water from Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant. What is your opinion on this situation?
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